United Kingdom has become one of the countries across the Europe that owns more than 1.8 million of dairy cows. The number of dairy farms in the UK is quite large although United Kingdom still imports dairy products from other countries across the Europe. The value of imports of UK compared to that of the value of exports of dairy products is much lower.
But, in 2019, the trade record of dairy product from the UK was satisfying since the trade was surplus in volume. This surplus record was the first record in UK trade history of dairy product since 1997. The trade surplus in 2019 was supported by the notable drop of imports from buttermilk and skim milk products.
Several products of dairy milk which UK depends highly from the import are yoghurt, butter, and cream. Yoghurt is the dairy milk product that recorded increased from the import in 2019 compared to 2018. Meanwhile, the trade of cream was shifted from highly depend on import to export in 2019.
The Things You Should Know about Dairy Farmers and Dairy Industry in the UK
1, The Type of Dairy Cows in the UK
The majority of dairy cows in the United Kingdom are the black and white cows which is known as the Holstein – Friesian breed cows. The numbers of Holstein – Friesian breed cows in the UK are nearly ninety per cent of this country total dairy cows. Meanwhile, the other ten per cent of dairy cows in the United Kingdom come from Jersey, Ayrshire and Guernsey breed cows.
- The Production Performance of Dairy Cows
As the demand of dairy cow milk increases in this country, the production of one dairy cow milk has also increased from year to year. This total yield of one dairy cow milk is seen from how much the milk is produced by a cow in a year. The number of total yield produced by one dairy cow is kept increasing from 1970s to 2012.
The average dairy cow milk production in the 1970s was only 3,750 liters per year for one cow or we could say that the cow was able to produce 12 liters milk per 21 pints every day. The number of dairy cow milk production was increased in 2012 to 7,445 liters per year for one cow or we could say that the cow was able to produce 24.5 liters milk per 42 pints every day.
One of the greatest reasons of why the dairy cow milk production over the last 40 years in the UK has increased rapidly more than doubled is because the selective genetics of breeding done by the dairy farmers in the Britain and the government support http://220.127.116.11 toward this. Furthermore, there is also the intensification of herd management in this field.