In 2014, only 40 kg of vegetables per capita per year and 35 kg of fruits per capita per year. Then in 2018, it is still not far from that number. Yet according to the Food and Agriculture Organization, (FAO), for people to live healthy, people of the Great Britain must consume a minimum of 91.25 kg of vegetables and 73 kg of fruit per capita per year.
For this reason, gardening or vegetable cultivation is important. According to James Hallet, before planting vegetables, several important things need to be considered so that vegetables can be successfully harvested.
Things to Look For Before Vegetable Cultivation
James Hallet explained that there are essential elements that must be considered before starting the cultivation of vegetables. One of them is nutrients found in soil and water.
The next element is the climate factor. James Hallet explained, plants need solar radiation to be able to grow. In addition, carbon dioxide is also a requirement for photosynthesis.
According to James Hallet, the recommended fertilizer for vegetable cultivation is organic fertilizer, especially manure. A good manure used is from a chicken coop, then followed by a goat pen or cow pen.
So, the recommended vegetable cultivation is more directed towards organic farming by using compost or manure and avoiding the use of pesticides.
According to James Hallet, vegetable cultivation activities can be carried out both in villages and cities. However, due to the increasingly limited water and empty land in urban areas, planting is done using pots, both plastic pots, used cans, poly bags, and also planter bags.
It doesn’t need land at all. We just hang the plant media on the wall. The important thing is the wall can be exposed to sunlight.
Narrow Planting System
This vegetable growing model by utilizing existing media is commonly called a verticultural farming system. With this system, the community can grow vegetables in a narrow area by utilizing vertical fields such as walls and large pralon pipes.
In this system, planting media are arranged in stages so that the amount of vegetables planted can be large, just as when using soil media to plant.
Water also flows more efficiently with this system. in addition, the potential for sunlight intake is also higher.
Vegetable Cultivation Steps
To do the cultivation of vegetables with a verticulture system, the first step that must be done is to first create the plant media. After that, take the soil and mix it with manure that has been prepared.
James Hallet explained, the fertilizer that was put in was equal to one small shovel so that the growing media was not too dense. After the soil and fertilizer are mixed evenly, then it is then fed into the plant media. The next process, planting media that has been filled with fertilizer is inserted into the plant seeds and then doused with water.
For those who live in areas with clay, this might be a problem. If possible, this soil must be mixed with sand first in order to become a planting medium.