Dairy products are one of the ingredients which becomes the main needs to most people in the world. Dairy product can be processed into a variety of products that have many benefits. Britain is one of the countries that uses the dairy industry as a driver of their economy. The British dairy industry is changing constantly because farmers take advantage with new technologies. The workers who are in the dairy farming industry continue to look for best ways that are good for processing their dairy product. But on the other hands, a lot of people focus on the negative aspects of this industry.
They say that the livestock process does not pay attention to these animals. Efforts to encourage public confidence in dairy products are made. One of them is choosing management systems for dairy farming that is in accordance with local conditions, breed of cattle, and herd size because the community’s trust is a priority for the farmers. The consumers’ preference will always guide the dairy farming industry and the preferences need to be informed by balanced information. Below is an explanation of the various types of management systems for dairy farming in the UK with each carefully chosen according to local conditions, cattle type and herd size.
The Old Style of Farming Systems
In herding their cows, dairy farmers will pay good attention to the weather’s condition. The British weather sometimes is warm. This type of weather is perfect for growth of grass. This type of farming is also called “the old style for farming”. This farming system used the grass as its main media in managing the farm. When the time for hot days like spring period come, farmers will graze their cows. The cows will be kept in the house for six months when the cold weather is coming and there is no grass growing anymore.
This usually happens from the end of autumn until the winter. This practice really depends on the condition of the weather and the food availability for the cows. When the weather is bad, farmers will house their cow so they can take care of them. Farmers will keep the cows inside the cattle sheds when the summer is near to avoid the cows from the stress.
Some small amounts of dairy cows spend most of their indoor time in modern cattle sheds with good lights and ventilations. The cows will spend some period time outside of their sheds in the dry period. During this period, they will have time for exercising and socializing. In this management system, every cow must have enough room so they can move and walk around and enough food to eat. Inside the housed units, the farmers also have to provide areas for the cows to loaf. Also brushes for the cows to groom, and water and also fans so the cow is comfortable. In this housed system management, the food of the cow is mixed with fresh pasture so the nutrition needed by the cows is met. The ration of the food is also measured.
There is a slight enhancement in the numbers of farmers who adopt this management systems for farming. This happens for several factors. This management system is said to have the right and consistent ratio for the food of the cow. The increase of the milking machine’s uptake systems, and the increased of the herd’s size.
The New Zealand Management Systems
The New Zealand management systems is when the farmers let the cows outdoor and spend most of their time out there. This management system is usually used in Hempshire. It doesn’t spread out here in England because of the weather’s conditions. Generally, an area that has sufficient soil and rainfall will be the best area to apply this management system because it can keep the growth of the grass. But when there is no grass growing anymore like when its winter period. Farmers will feed the cows with food that has supplementary diet on it so the growth of the cows is still managed well. The production of the milk in the winter months is low.
Out of all the management system above, still, the priority of this industry is the cows. Dairy farmers are required to have healthy and contented cows so they will produce good milk. They also need to keep an eye to their environment, the food and also the consumer.
The dairy farming industry is a bit of a lot of work. However, certain trends are starting to arise. Greater industry coordination, communication and collaboration will prepare us better to cope with the changes that may happen. The changes maybe expected technological advanced, food security challenges or agricultural policy, or future disease threats or even the impact of the unexpected climate change.
United Kingdom has become one of the countries across the Europe that owns more than 1.8 million of dairy cows. The number of dairy farms in the UK is quite large although United Kingdom still imports dairy products from other countries across the Europe. The value of imports of UK compared to that of the value of exports of dairy products is much lower.
But, in 2019, the trade record of dairy product from the UK was satisfying since the trade was surplus in volume. This surplus record was the first record in UK trade history of dairy product since 1997. The trade surplus in 2019 was supported by the notable drop of imports from buttermilk and skim milk products.
Several products of dairy milk which UK depends highly from the import are yoghurt, butter, and cream. Yoghurt is the dairy milk product that recorded increased from the import in 2019 compared to 2018. Meanwhile, the trade of cream was shifted from highly depend on import to export in 2019.
The Things You Should Know about Dairy Farmers and Dairy Industry in the UK
1, The Type of Dairy Cows in the UK
The majority of dairy cows in the United Kingdom are the black and white cows which is known as the Holstein – Friesian breed cows. The numbers of Holstein – Friesian breed cows in the UK are nearly ninety per cent of this country total dairy cows. Meanwhile, the other ten per cent of dairy cows in the United Kingdom come from Jersey, Ayrshire and Guernsey breed cows.
The Production Performance of Dairy Cows
As the demand of dairy cow milk increases in this country, the production of one dairy cow milk has also increased from year to year. This total yield of one dairy cow milk is seen from how much the milk is produced by a cow in a year. The number of total yield produced by one dairy cow is kept increasing from 1970s to 2012.
The average dairy cow milk production in the 1970s was only 3,750 liters per year for one cow or we could say that the cow was able to produce 12 liters milk per 21 pints every day. The number of dairy cow milk production was increased in 2012 to 7,445 liters per year for one cow or we could say that the cow was able to produce 24.5 liters milk per 42 pints every day.
One of the greatest reasons of why the dairy cow milk production over the last 40 years in the UK has increased rapidly more than doubled is because the selective genetics of breeding done by the dairy farmers in the Britain and the government support http://188.8.131.52 toward this. Furthermore, there is also the intensification of herd management in this field.
Britain is one of the largest sources of milk production in the world. Britain has adequate resources and facilities in this matter. It is not a surprise when many of its citizens work as dairy farmers. Dairy farming is seen as a job that can support them to live. Because of this, up until now there are approximately 1.8 million of dairy cows that live in 14,550 dairy farms. These cows are kept in a small group of 125 varied cows. These dairy farmers are supported by The Dairy Farmers of Britain or also known as DFoB, which is the third largest milk processor company based in the UK.
The DFoB will buy the milk directly to the farmers. For your information, not every cow can be used as the dairy cows. Most of the farmers raise the Holstein-Friesian cows, while the other farmers raise the Jersey, Ayrshire, and Guernsey cows. Dairy cow milk yield produced by the dairy farmers in the UK is increased statically in the last 40 years. This is caused by a well-maintained intensification of herd management and selective breeding done by the farmers.
The company or the farmers will make a really good and beneficial use of the milk produced by the cows. Before being processed into product dairy, the milk produced by cows will go through a homogenization process which aims to break down the fat contained in milk so that it is mixed and not separated.
In addition, milk also undergoes a standardization process so that any type of milk, skim, semi-skimmed, and skimmed milk contains the right amount of fat in it.
There is also Ultra Heat Temperature (UHT) milk which undergoes a heating process above the pasteurization level. This milk undergoes these processes so that it still contains a variety of nutrients even though it will later be produced into a dairy product. Some dairy products were made in order to get another profit from their kiu kiu online work.
They will do something to the milk like fermenting it with very specific but harmless types of bacteria. This process will result in yogurt. The UK is also known as a country that really loves the dairy products, especially yogurt. A lot of people love yogurt because this product has a lot of benefits for our body. If you have difficulties to digest lactose, yogurt is the best dairy product to consume because the lactose which is contained in the yogurt has been broken by those harmless bacteria used when making the yogurt.
For those who like to bake cookies or make bread, surely know the product named buttermilk. Buttermilk is actually not a new product as this product is already exist since hundreds years ago in the UK. Traditional buttermilk was used widely in the food manufacturing industries until now. But surely, the new buttermilk is totally different from the traditional one.
The Difference between Traditional Buttermilk and New Buttermilk
Different from traditional buttermilk, new buttermilk is made from skimmed milk added with a bacterial culture. This recipe or new method of making new buttermilk has made the taste of the new buttermilk creamier than the traditional one. The texture of the buttermilk is also more viscous than the traditional buttermilk.
Buttermilk is one of the important ingredient for Irish soda bread or wheaten bread. When you add baking powder into buttermilk, it will cause the sodium carbonate from the baking powder reacts with the acid from buttermilk. This reaction causes carbon dioxide released in the form of large bubbles in the dough in no time.
The quick formation of carbon dioxide inside the dough will save you much time. As you don’t need to leave the dough to rise in several time like when you use yeast bread. Because of this extraordinary ability of buttermilk to create various cooking recipes. Many more food industries in the UK put modern buttermilk as one of the primary ingredients for sweet and savory dishes.
Is it Difficult to Find Traditional Buttermilk in the Store?
Now, many more groceries stores in the UK sell butter and not the traditional buttermilk as what we have talked before. Despite there are still some dairy farmer industries in the UK that still sell a product named “buttermilk”, it is actually not the traditional buttermilk. It is known as cultured buttermilk since it was made from lactic cultures added into the ordinary milk.
The form of modern buttermilk is quite the same with traditional one. Especially for those who are still beginner in baking cookies or bread. For the beginner, the shape of traditional and modern buttermilk are quite the same. Although they have totally different effect for the baking result. The traditional buttermilk is still the important ingredient for many food recipes in the Britain.
But now as lesser dairy farmer industries produce the real buttermilk, many traditional bread recipes need to be adopt with the commercial version of buttermilk or cultured buttermilk. Buttermilk is known for its various role for health. Many people believe that buttermilk is able to cure various illness as well as give people more energy.
Many situs judi online people use buttermilk as the important ingredients for making energy drink as this product is able to give more energy for its consumers. Moreover, for those who are experiencing with hangover, drink buttermilk will be able to cure the hangover.